The provincial capital, was founded by Spanish conquistadors in 1513. At the beginning of the War of Independence in the 19th century, the city was seized and burned by Cuban rebels to prevent it from falling into the colonialists’ hands. The city is now a national monument, and the rebuilt church of San Salvador de Bayamo still has some original artifacts. Horse-drawn carriages take visitors sightseeing.
Fidel Castro’s guerrilla command post deep in the Sierra Maestra can only be reached by rough paths and roads. The coastline between the mountains and the sea is marked by strips ofblack- and white-sand beaches with dive centres, resorts and rest areas.
Emerged maritime terraces
A national park with steep reefs and abundant fauna and vegetation. In 1999, due to its ecological values, UNESCO declared the park a World Heritage Site.
Demajagua’s historic ruins
At Demajagua, an old sugar mill near the village of Manzanillo, patriot Carlos Manuel de Céspedes freed his slaves and rang the liberty bell to proclaim Cuba’s independence in 1868.