The music and lyrics were composed by Pedro (Perucho) Figueredo, from Bayamo, at the start of the independence struggles. As a patriotic song, it was sung for the first time on October 20, 1868, by the inhabitants of Bayamo.
This is gothic shaped. On the upper parts there is a golden key that symbolizes the key position of the island, at the entrance to the Gulf of Mexico and between the two Americas while the rising sun represents a new nation. Three blue strips in the bottom left section are a reference to the regions into which the country was divided during the colonial period. In the bottom right section, the royal palm (symbol of the nobility and the steadfastness of Cubans), the mountains and the clear blue sky represent a typical Cuban landscape. A bundle of eleven staff that symbolizes the unity of the Cuban people in the struggle for freedom supports the shield, crowned by a Phrygian cap on which there is a white star. Bordering the shield, to the right, there is an oak branch, and to the left, a laurel branch, representing strength and victory.
Cuba’s system of primary health care covers the entire country and is considered to be unique in Latin America. Health services are free for all Cubans. The infant mortality rate is5,3 per housand live births and life expectancy at birth is 75,2 years.
Education in Cuba is free and compulsory. In 1961 Cuba carried out a national campaign against of illiteracy and today in Cuba every citizen knows how to write and read.
Best months to visit Cuba
Taking into account the Tropical Climate of Cuba, we suggest you to travel in your winter season. From November to the beginning of May.
Cuba’s climate is moderately subtropical and predominantly warm. The island’s average temperature is 25.5ºC and average relative humidity is 78 per cent. It also sees an average of 330 days of sunshine a year. Cuba’s two clearly defined seasons are the rainy season (May to October) and the dry season (November to April).